CERN – European Council for Nuclear Research established in 1954. CERN is the largest science laboratory in the world. The most important instruments at CERN are accelerators and particle detectors. In accelerators, particles accelerate almost to the speed of light (about 300,000 km / s) and are directed to collide. Observing collisions with the help of detectors provides data on the interaction of particles.
The intention of the establishment was to concentrate the professional, technical, intellectual and financial resources of European countries in one place due to the high demands of research. It was founded after World War II, and his intention was to keep scientists in Europe and stop their departure to the United States.
One of the biggest discoveries CERN is proud of is the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012.